Thursday, November 05, 2009

Home Schooling--

My husband and I decided long ago that homeschooling was the option that we wanted to take with our children if Allah facilitated it for us. Now that our first child is at the stage "continuous curiosity" so-to-speak I figured it was time to establish a more structured program and decide how I was going to go about this endeavor. I've met some amazing Muslimas who do an incredible job homeschooling their kids however, they have either gone overseas, or I never had the chance to really discuss what curriculum and tools they use.
I have been looking online for an Islamic based curriculum and lesson plans to either use or suppliment but have really only come across the IQRA curriculum (which I have since ordered) and blogs written by other Muslim homeschooling moms. So, I am sending out a request, if any of you are avid homeschoolers or know of any families that are, could you please put them in touch with me so I can get some more information and learn from their expertise insha'Allah. I should mention that I am also very much a fan of the Montessori method of teaching from what I see thus far, so any good Montessori sites or books would also be of benefit insha'Allah. I should mention you don't have to be a homeschooler yourself, but a teacher or teacher at an Islamic school etc. Any help is welcomed.
May Allah give us the ability to raise our children on the true path of Islam and give us the patience and ability to impart knowledge on them in the best and most Islamic way.

Monday, October 05, 2009

The Five Categories of People who Pray-- Al Imaam Ibn Qayyim Al Jawzeeyah

I have been trying for a week or so to post this-- my blog kept crashing each time I tried. I found it definitely worth sharing. Which are you?

The Five Categories of People who Pray

The first: The category of the oppressor to himself, the negligent one, one who is deficient in performing ablution for it, negligent with its appointed time periods, its boundaries and its pillars.

The second: One who preserves it appointed time periods, its boundaries, its outward pillars and ablution for it. However, he forsakes striving against his own self from whisperings and thinking to himself, and so is preoccupied with whisperings and thoughts.

The third: One who preserves its appointed time periods, its pillars as well as strives against himself in repelling whisperings and distracting thoughts that overcome him, he is busy in striving against his enemy in order to prevent him from stealing his prayer, he is in prayer as well as Jihaad.

The fourth: One whom when he stands for prayer perfects its rights, its pillars and its boundaries. His heart is occupied with preserving its boundaries and preventing anything of it being lost, rather all his attention is directed to performing it as it should be, in its most complete and perfect form, his heart is occupied with the prayer and worshiping his Lord the Elevated with it.

The fifth: One who performs the prayer like the previous person, but in addition to this, he has taken his heart and presented it to his Lord. He looks at his Lord with his heart, fully concerned with Him, in utmost obedience out of love and reverence for Him, it is as if he sees and witnesses his Lord. All distracting thoughts and whisperings fade away and the veil between him and his Lord is removed. The difference between this person in his prayer and others, is greater and better than all that is between the heavens and earth, he is fully occupied and overjoyed with his Lord in his prayer.

The first category is punished, the second is held accountable, the third is pardoned, the fourth is rewarded and the fifth is brought close to his Lord, because he gains a portion of what made the prayer a delight to him. For whoever is delighted with his prayer in the life of this world, will be delighted by being close to his Lord in the afterlife as well as being delighted with his Lord in this life, and whoever is delighted with Allaah, everything would be delighted with him, and whoever is not delighted with Allaah the Elevated, his soul will be torn apart for the life of this world in loss.

It is narrated that when a servant stands for prayer, Allaah the Glorified says; “Remove the veil.”, and if the servant turns away He says: “Replace it.”

This ‘turning away’ has been explained as the turning of the heart away from Allaah the Mighty to other than Him. So if he turns away, the veil is replaced between him and his Lord and Shaytaan enters and presents worldly affairs to him, he shows them to him in the image of a woman. But if he turns with his heart to Allaah and does not turn away, Shaytaan would not be able to come between Allaah and that heart, he only enters if the veil is replaced. If he returns to Allaah the Elevated with his heart, the Shaytaan would escape, and if he turns away, the Shaytaan would return, such is his state with his enemy in prayer.

Al Imaam Ibn Qayyim al Jawzeeyah

Thursday, August 13, 2009

Daily Ibadah Chart

Here is the daily ibadah chart that I created for a guideline for all of us to follow for our daily acts of worship. Insha'Allah it will be of benefit to us all. Until I can figure out how to upload the excel spreadsheet onto the site this will have to suffice (blogger allows images and videos to be uploaded but I cant figure out documents--- advice is welcomed.) Please copy and paste it into your own word doc. and then print it off so you can regularly check off that which you do and see where you need to improve. May Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) make us among those who are sincere in our acts of worship, doing them for His sake alone, and filling our time with them instead of that which is wasteful. Also, remember the purpose of a chart is accountability and to help establish habits. The Prophet (Sallahu Allahi was Salam) said: "The best deeds are continuous ones, even if little..." Muslim and "The most beloved deeds to Allah are those which are regularly done even if they are little" Bukhari.

Awoke for Fajr on Time, prayed with Sunnah
Made a.m. Dhikr and Recitation based on Sunnah
Read Quran after Fajr
Prayed all Fardh on time (early as possible)
Prayed all 12 Rakah of Sunnah
Made reccomended Dhikr after every prayer
Prayed Fardh in Mosque (Males)
Prayed Salat Ul-Dhuha
Made recommended evening dua
Read Surah Mulk before sleep (in Arabic)
Read 2:285-286 before sleep (in Arabic)
Went to Sleep in a state of Wudu
Recited recommended dhikr/dua before sleep
Prayed Witr Prayer
Made Recommended Dua after Witr
Prayed at least 2 Rakah of Tahajjud Prayer
Maintained state of Wudu throughout day
Went to sleep w/out ill feelings towards Muslims
Made use of times when Dua are accepted
Made Dua for Parents
Made Dua for the Muslim Ummah
Made Dua for the Prophet (PBUH)
Asked for Jannah and Refuge from Jahanam x3
Made Tawbah and Istighfaar 100 times
Fasted Mon and Thurs or 13, 14, 15
Did not waste my time
Attempted to Increase my knowledge
Read at least one page of the Quran
Tried to memorize at least one Ayat
Read one new Hadith and its meaning
Read the Tafsir of one verse of Quran
Did not lie
Did not Backbite or Slander
Commanded good and Forbade Evil
Did an act of Sadaqah
Deed a deed between me and Allah alone
Didn't do anything I wasn't sure was permissible
Reviewed the Surahs I have memorized
Told a non-Muslim about Islam
Read Surah Kahf
Prayed Jumah at earliest time and best gathering
Made Ghusl and Wore Best Clothes
Pondered about Khutbah
Made Dua for the Prophet (PBUH)
Used last hour on Friday for Dua
Chart modified from Al Kauthar Checklist and Al Huda Ibadah Chart.

Wednesday, August 12, 2009

New Blog!!

Asalam Alaikum
A respected sister in Islam I know has started to write a blog and I just wanted to pass on the address. Please add it to your favorites. There is only a rare instance when I talk to this sister that she doesn't teach me something about the religion and myself. Insha'Allah you will benefit in the same way from her blog and it will be used to better the Ummah and for Allah's sake only. She is just getting it set-up so please keep checking it.

The address is

Saturday, August 08, 2009

"Pearls of Wisdom"

In one of the courses I take, they have a board for Pearls of Wisdom-- Insightful things that touched us during the course, or new things we learned etc. One of my dearest sisters in Islam has been sending random emails to various people with such "Pearls" in my opinion. May Allah (Subhannu wa ta'alla) reward this sister.

I want to post them on the site in the hopes that it will also impact the readers, here are the three that I believe we should ponder over:

This is an excerpt from a question and answer period with Shaykh Muhammad al-Maaliki
I thought this point was particularly interesting.

Regarding this Sharee’ah, many people are unfortunately dealing with the
nusoos (texts) as letters and text and that’s it. They don’t deal with the fiqh (understanding) of them (the texts). That is why there are people who have information and people who have knowledge. There is a difference between information and knowledge. Even Shaytaan has information, but he doesn’t have Knowledge. The kuffar have information on Islaam but don’t have knowledge and that is why they are the not guided. So we need to have the knowledge – the knowledge of fiqh. That is why when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم supplicated for Ibn Abbas, he asked Allaah for two things for Ibn Abbas – ‘Ilm and Fiqh.[18]
علمه التأويل وفقهه في الدين
So we have to differentiate between these two things and we need to have fiqh of this religion. والله أعلم
May Allah guide us to the straight path...Ameen

Ibnul Qiyam (rahimhullah) made the analogy: everyday we are presented with 24hrs, He said now think of each hour as a box. Each box will be packed and sent to the akhirah. On Yomul Qiyama you will open these boxes and you will be judged on what is inside. InshaAllah we can take this analogy to recognize that it is so very important to be conscious of what we do with our time. Will we be happy to open our boxes or fearfull? Imagine if you were to break down one day (24hrs) into 3 categories
8hrs for our Rabb (Ibadah)
8hrs for ourselves (Sleep,eat,wash)
8hrs for others(family,friends, neighbors, non-muslims)
What do we really do with our time?
I ask Allah to put Baraka in our time, and to help us hasten to do 'amal salihat.....Ameen

In order for us to be aware of time, let us ponder 2 questions:
What is the purpose of our lives?
What is our ultimate goal?
Do we devote enough time each day to the fulfillment of each question?
If we were created to worship Allah and our ultimate goal is His Jannah, did we do the work today in order to be of the muflihoon tomorrow?
What are in our boxes???

In regards to the first "Pearl" far too often when people ask us questions we are ready to give answers, or opinion when really we are unqualified, have no knowledge and could possibly lead people in the wrong direction. I would encourage us to think about the example of the great Imam Maalik who as we know is considered one of the great people of knowledge when it comes to the religion of Islam. On one occasion a man travelled for six months to ask him a question and upon his arrival Imam Maalik responded "I don't know". In a different instance, on the night of his death, people were flocking to him to ask questions and on that night alone he responded "I don't know" to 32 questions. At one point someone also asked him a question to which he said I don't know and the man later said ok, I will ask another one and it "is easy so insha'Allah you can answer it", to which Imam Maalik was outraged and is described to have had his face turn red with upset. He then told the asker, that "how dare he say that the attainment of knowledge is easy when in the Qur'an Allah (Subhanna hu wa ta'ala) says:

“Verily, We shall send down to you a heavy Word.” [Al-Muzzammil: 5]

One of the most difficult ways that the Qur’an. was revealed to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi Wa sallam) is when it came like the ringing of a bell – this was the most hardest for him to take. It physically burdened him and weighed down upon him greatly to the extent that if he was riding his camel, the camel would kneel on the ground due to the pressure from the Revelation. The Prophet’s companion, Zaid was once seated next to him and his thigh was underneath that of the Prophet’s when a Revelation descended. Zaid later reported that his thigh was almost injured because of the weight of the Revelation to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi Wa sallam).

If Allah Himself talks about the heaviness of the Qur'an, the center-point of the attainment of all knowledge in the religion how could one person say "this question is easy".

As for the two "Pearls" about the usage of our time. Insha'Allah it is my intention to create a chart of the daily activities outlined in the religion that that we should be putting into practice and I pray that we sincerely make an effort to use the chart to observe what we are doing and not doing for Allah, and also to strive to establish new habits. Insha'Allah I will post it soon, but in the mean time, consider just what you are doing for the sake of Allah. Are you really spending 8 hours in ibadda? How much time do you spend on the internet, reading news, watching things of no substance or no benefit to the deen. That being said how much are we tricking ourselves, and allowing Shaytan to trick us by thinking that a video (be it about Muslim issues or Muslim nasheeds etc) is important enough to devote hours to when we haven't picked up the Qur'an in days, or maybe haven't learned yet to read the Qur'an or have neglected other acts of ibadda that Allah (Subhannahu wa tala) and the Prophet (Sallahu Allahi wa Salam) have outlined for us and are of great importance. We don't know the Book of Allah which is the foundation for our religion, but then feel qualified to talk about issues pertaining to Muslims based on what? When Imam Maalik went to Imam Ahmed to begin his learning the first thing he was asked was "have you memorized the Qur'an?" when the response given was no, he was sent home to accomplish this first.

Lets think about how we are using our time, how we are learning, are we doing the best that we can, making the most of our hours?

Jaabir (Raadiallahu anna) reported:

"I heard the Messenger (Sallahu Allahi wa Salam) saying: Every slave will be resurrected in the state upon which he died" - Found in Muslim.

Insha'Allah we die worshiping our Lord, serving Him, doing something to better this Deen and ourselves, and that he gives us hidaya (guidance) and hidaya tawfique (the ability to implement that guidance) and Ilm (knowledge) . Ameen.

I pray that Allah makes this post of benefit, all good which comes from it is from Him alone, and any error in it is mine alone.

Monday, July 13, 2009

Website Review- Hoor Al Ayn

Asalam Alaikum
Here is a fantastic website definitely worth checking out and adding to your favorites. It is full of great lectures and media by credible individuals. Books, nasheeds sans music, Qur'an, Arabic language programs... Covers a variety of topics, is well organized, and certainly encourages the sound pursuit of knowledge.
It is called Hoor-al-Ayn (I can imagine the eye rolls from all of the sisters right Truly it is a great site though. Below is the web address which I will try to make a link, but no promises as I am technologically inept. Check it out!

Thursday, July 09, 2009


Bismillah Al Rahman Al Raheem--
So here it is the long (or maybe not so long) awaited "Niqab Post". I suppose now certainly seems an appropriate time to discuss it given the current media attention it has been grabbing, particularly from the president of France Mr Nicolas Sarkozy after his comments that "the niqab would not be welcome in France", or rather "that women who wear the niqab in France would not be welcome". This comment also came following (at least in the article I read) Sarkozy was making the statement "after an increase in numbers of those choosing to don the niqab." He also stated On 22 June, that the niqab/burka was not a symbol of religious faith but a sign of women’s “subservience.
Oddly enough France is home to Europe’s largest Muslim community and in 2004, it passed a law banning headscarves or any other “conspicuous” religious symbols in schools to uphold a separation between church and state. So l hate to "speculate" about what is really going on in this situation, but it would seem that the issue with Mr Sarkozy really has nothing to do with women covering their faces, but rather with Islam in general-- Hijab already having been banned in schools, it only seems logical that going after the niqab would be on his agenda especially when as of 2007 the fertility rate in France was 1.8 and 90% of immigrants to Europe are Muslim-- with a 8.1 fertility rate. Not to mention that Southern France which was one of the most church-heavy areas now has more mosques than churches, and in its cities the Muslim population under 20yrs is 30-45%. (Statistics taken from a video about Muslim/ World demographics created by the Christian Church. Its very interesting and worth the 8 minutes of time it takes to watch. ). I certainly can see why this man who has no love for Islam would certainly feel threatened by the visual representation of Islam the niqab presents when he would like nothing more than to end its existence. But say I am wrong about his intentions for wanting to remove the niqab, and it is truly an issue of only niqab and not of Islam, then let me touch on my thoughts about his comments that it is "subservient."
Let me start by first looking at the definition of subservient, taken from the dictionary: " Too eager to follow the wishes or orders of others". What is ironic about Sarkozy's choice of words, is that I would think that the majority of Muslims sisters who choose to wear the niqab are doing so because they wholeheartedly believe that it is the best way of covering which is a commandment of Allah. Thus, they are doing their utmost to follow the orders of another-- Their Creator, Allah (Subhannahu wa t'ala). Such a devotion is a choice that these women have made and I am sure not one that they have taken lightly. As a woman who wears niqab I can speak firsthand about the hardships that come with it. However, one thing that I know to be true is that people in general are willing to stand-up for what they believe to be right and true. These women have chosen to do what they believe is best come what may. It is something we have seen throughout Islam and other religions as well-- persecution people have faced when their beliefs don't co-inside with the norm.
The Prophet (Sallahu Allahi wa Salam) told us in a hadith which the jist of it is "Islam came as something strange, and it will return as something strange, so give glad tidings to the stranger". This one hadith is enough to show me that Muslims are going to be hated and persecuted when what we do goes against what society views to be the "norm", and my first-hand experience somewhat confirms that. However, I was asked why I don't think that the niqab oppresses Muslim women or isolates them from society. The thing is, if we are talking about Muslim women in North America and European countries where they are choosing to put on the niqab, then that in itself goes against the definition of oppression. To oppress is to keep down by cruel or unjust use of power, to rule harshly or tyrannize over. Sounds a little more like the words of Sarkozy were oppressive to me. That he thinks he is justified in limiting a choice of dress for a woman, or likewise for in all of the other countries where hijab/niqab has become banned.
I remember when I was in Turkey last winter and I was stopped in the middle of the bazaar by a woman who proceeded to tell me that I didn't need to wear that thing on my face, and that Ataturk had brought democracy to Turkey and what I was doing was oppressing women. Uh huh.... Democracy eh? The same democracy and government of rights and choice that has prohibited women from attending public education in Turkey if they wear hijab? That has kicked a covered woman out of parliament because she chose to cover? The government that doesn't allow women to work in government buildings if they have a scarf on their head, or has ripped off the hijab of students as they have tried to enter their universities--- The government whose system caused my sister-in-law to quit school because she refused to remove the silk, patterned scarf off of her head while studying. Please explain to me why and how this system is liberating, while a woman who choses to place a cloth on her head, or cover her face is suddenly being oppressed by Islam. I mention Turkey because I am familiar with the situations there but I also know of stories of a niqabi being beaten to near death in Australia because she wore niqab, a woman recently killed in Germany by the man she had taken to court for calling her a terrorist, women in Canada told niqab needed to be removed to testify in court... The list goes on and on.
Truly the only thing oppressive about niqab in the way that I have experienced here in the West is the way the West treats Muslims because of it. I think it is time people started thinking independently and asked themselves who is the oppressor when it comes to niqab. Stop using the same worn out examples of Afghanistan to talk about a woman wearing niqab in North America and Europe, and look at the situation of the Western Muslim choosing to wear it.
I recently spoke to a girl at the mosque who had lived in Saudi for six years as a non-practicing Muslim with her family for and has since come to Canada and has really dove into the religion of Islam. She was telling me that she is thinking about getting married, and was listing the criteria of her future husband, quick to mention that she didn't want to be married to anyone that wanted the wearing of niqab. It wasn't something that she wanted. In the same evening a non-Muslim was also at the mosque and the discussion of covering came up. I told her that when I first became Muslim I seriously wondered how on earth I would wear the hijab! I then described my various stages of "modest dress" and concluded with the way I now look, "I am the ninja!" I laughed (niqab, black--often my colour of choice, and no body shape). The following week I returned to the mosque to see the Muslim sister who had told me she didn't want to wear niqab, now wearing a black veil. Naturally I was somewhat surprised and asked her about it. She told me that after she heard me say that I was a "ninja" she had this feeling of power, and decided to put it on, concluding that she was now "fully liberated". Her choice of words entirely. Allah works in amazing ways.
But you see, here is a sister who has lived in Saudi, experienced niqab and covering, but chose to put it on here in Canada, only to articulate that she has never felt more free--- Liberated.
Not to mention that I also know women who work in various positions of employment for companies in offices and yes even a doctor who are covered in black and cover their face as well. Niqabis working amongst regular society. Who'd have thought it was possible? (I hope you can sense my sarcasm in this comment).
However, honestly, I don't expect non-Muslims to understand the idea of niqab when Muslims as a whole are at such odds with it. I have certainly heard just as much criticism by Muslims about those who choose to wear the niqab as I have heard by non-Muslims. Just one more example of how the oppression on those who wear the niqab is not coming from anyone "forcing" them to wear it, but from the harsh and critical words of a community that should be unified whether the cover is on the face or hair.
So then, maybe the question that is burning in everyone's mind? Why do I choose to wear the niqab? As a Muslim the best example for us is Muhammad (Sallahu Alahi wa Salam) and then the generations closest to him. As a woman the best example for me for women's-specific issues are the wives of the Prophet (Sallahu Alahi wa Salam). When looking at these incredible role-models in Islam we can definitely see that they wore the niqab. Being that covering is a commandment of Allah as legislated in the Qur'an who better than to look at for an example of how to implement it than these women. Besides that, if I believe that my elbow is something of beauty that should be covered, then how do I not think that a woman's face which is radiant in beauty and far more appealing to the opposite gender and more deserving of covering. Muslims especially like to argue that if we were in a Muslim country where such covering were the norm, then sure they veil is fine, but here it just stands out. However I am very much of the opposite opinion. In a Muslim country where the mixing of men and women is better observed, and insha'Allah where society is striving to lower their gaze and implement proper etiquette when it comes to women and men, to me this is a situation where the niqab seems less necessary. Just because people won't stare if you choose to wear it there and because it is easier doesn't make it the only place where it should be worn. While in the West where men and women mix in all places of society, even in bathrooms in some locations, where the lowering of gazes by both men and women is not readily practiced and proper etiquette between men and women is not observed then why wouldn't I protect myself as best as I can? And if the person across the street stares at me because I look "strange" then let them look, better at me than at the half-clothed (or less) girl beside me on the street. And my last reason, is for my brothers in Islam. When living here in the West they are bombarded by images of women and it is literally impossible to avoid them. Why then wouldn't I do what I can to protect my brother in Islam from a situation that is already difficult. And why wouldn't I honor my marriage in such a way that I can make my body only for my husband, just as I know he is adhering to the expected dress and etiquette of men in Islam and making himself just for me. So there are my reasons. I guess now people will be looking for proofs? My dear sister in Islam, Buckskin-niqabi had a brother post a comment on her site about niqab containing the Islamic evidences. For sake of ease I have cut and pasted it below. May Allah (Subhannhu wa Ta'la) reward this brother or the person who did the initial search for compiling all of the below information.
Insha'Allah I hope this post was of benefit any error is mine alone, and any goodness is from Allah.
السلام علیکم
Dear sisters and brothers
I saw intresting discation betwen some of the visitors of this blog,so I would like to share some information regarding Neqab, for those who are amonge the follower of Rasulullah (Sallallah u Alayhi wa sallem); And for those who are looking for authentic proof from Quran and Sunnah.
"The Niqaab in light of the Holy Quran and Sahih Hadith and in the Opinions of the great scholars....

From the Quran.....(This tafseer is Agreed upon by Ibn Kathir, Al-Qurtabi and At-Tabari)
The Noble Qur'an ........

Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59
‘O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks ("Jalabib") veils all over their bodies (screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way Tafseer Al-Qurtabi) that is most convenient that they should be known (as such) and not molested: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful."
Surah An-Nur, Verses #30 and #31
‘And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)

From the Hadith.....

Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Hadith # 282
Narrated Safiya bint Shaiba (Radhiallaahu Ánha) "Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) used to say: "When (the Verse): "They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms," was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 368
Narrated 'Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) used to offer the Fajr prayer and some believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to attend the Fajr prayer with him and then they would return to their homes unrecognized . Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in tafseer of this hadith explains "This hadith makes it clear that the Islamic dress is concealing of the entire body as explained in this hadith. Only with the complete cover including the face and hands can a woman not be recognized. This was the understanding and practice of the Sahaba and they were the best of group, the noblest in the sight of Allah (swt) with the most complete Imaan and noblest of characters. so if the practice of the women of the sahaba was to wear the complete veil then how can we deviate from their path? (Ibn Uthaimin in the book "Hijaab" page # 12 and 13)
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 4, Hadith # 148
Narrated 'Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha): The wives of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open place (near Baqia at Medina) to answer the call of nature at night. 'Umar used to say to the Prophet "Let your wives be veiled," but Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) did not do so. One night Sauda bint Zam'a the wife of the Prophet went out at 'Isha' time and she was a tall lady. 'Umar addressed her and said, "I have recognized you, O Sauda." He said so, as he desired eagerly that the verses of Al-Hijab (the observing of veils by the Muslim women) may be revealed. So Allah revealed the verses of "Al-Hijab" (A complete body cover excluding the eyes).
Tirmidhi with a SAHIH chain reports...
"Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said “All of a woman is ‘awrah.” (Shaikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid quotes this hadith narrated by Tirmidhi with a sahih isnaad and says this is a direct hadith from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam ) and has made it clear that a woman must cover everything including the face and hands!)
Abu Dawood Book 14, Hadith # 2482
Narrated Thabit ibn Qays (Radhiallaahu Ánhu): A woman called Umm Khallad came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) while she was veiled. She was searching for her son who had been killed (in the battle) Some of the Companions of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said to her: You have come here asking for your son while veiling your face? She said: If I am afflicted with the loss of my son, I shall not suffer the loss of my modesty. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: You will get the reward of two martyrs for your son. She asked: Why is that so, oh Prophet of Allah? He replied: Because the people of the Book have killed him.
Abu Dawood Book 32, Hadith # 4090
Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin (Radhiallaahu Ánha): When the verse "That they should cast their outer garments over their persons" was revealed, the women of Ansar came out as if they had crows over their heads by wearing outer garments.
Abu Dawood Book 32, Hadith # 4091
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin (Radhiallaahu Ánha) "May Allah have mercy on the early immigrant women. When the verse "That they should draw their veils over their bosoms" was revealed, they tore their thick outer garments and made veils from them. Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalanee, who is known as Ameer Al-Mu'mineen in the field of Hadith, said that the phrase, "covered themselves", in the above Hadith means that they "covered their faces". [Fath Al-Bari].
Imaam Malik's MUWATTA Book 20 Hadith # 20.5.16
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Fatima bint al-Mundhir (Radhiallaahu Ánha) said, "We used to veil our faces when we were in Ihram in the company of Asma bint Abi Bakr As-Siddiq (Radhiallaahu Ánha). "This again proves that not only the wives of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) wore the Niqaab and that even though in Ihram women are not supposed to wear Niqaab but if men are there they still have to cover the face.
Abu Dawood Book 10, Hadith # 1829
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: (Radhiallaahu Ánha) who said, "The riders would pass us while we were with the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam). When they got close to us, we would draw our outer cloak from our heads over our faces. When they passed by, we would uncover our faces.
Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah, Narrated 'Aisha. [In his work Jilbab al-Marah al-Muslimah, al-Albani states (p. 108) that it is hasan due to corroborating evidence. Also, in a narration from Asma {who was not the wife of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)}, Asma also covered her face at all times in front of men.] Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in his tafseer of this hadith explains "This hadith indicates the compulsion of the concealing of the faces as an order of Shariah, because during the Ihram it is "wajib" (compulsory) NOT to wear the Niqaab. So if it was only mustahab (recommended) to cover the face then Aisha and Asma (Radhiallaahu Ánha) would have taken the wajib over the mustahab. It is well known by the Ullima that a wajib can only be left because of something that is also wajib or fardh. So Aisha and Asma (Radhiallaahu Ánha) covering the face even in Ihram in the presence of strange (ghairMahraam) men shows that they understood this to be an act that was wajib or fardh or they would not have covered the face in Ihraam.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith # 715
Narrated 'Ikrima (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) narrates "Rifa'a divorced his wife whereupon 'AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair Al-Qurazi married her. 'Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil." It is a very long hadith but the point is the women of Sahaba wore the full veil.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 347
Narrated Um 'Atiya (Radhiallaahu Ánha) We were ordered (by Rasulullah '(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) to bring out our menstruating women and veiled women in the religious gatherings and invocation of Muslims on the two 'Eid festivals. These menstruating women were to keep away from their Musalla. A woman asked, "O Allah's Apostle ' What about one who does not have a veil (the veil is the complete cover with only one eye or two eyes showing)?" He said, "Let her share the veil of her companion." Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in tafseer of this hadith explained "This hadith proves that the general norm amongst the women of the Sahaba (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma) was that no woman would go out of her home without a cloak, fully concealed and if she did not posses a veil, then it was not possible for her to go out. it was for this reason that when Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) ordered them to go to the Place for Eid Salah, they mentioned this hindrance. As a result Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said that someone should lend her a veil, but did not say they could go out without it. If Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) did not allow women to go to a place like the Eid Salah, which has been ordered by Shariah for women and men alike, then how can people let women to out to market places and shopping centers without where there is open intermingling of the sexes, without a veil. (by Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in the book "Hijaab" page # 11)
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 76, Hadith # 572
In the end of this very long hadith it quotes Anas (Radhiallaahu Ánho) rates from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) "and if one of the women of Paradise looked at the earth, she would fill the whole space between them (the earth and the heaven) with light, and would fill whatever is in between them, with perfume, and the veil of her face is better than the whole world and whatever is in it." This show that even the women of Junnah have veils and the word veil is what covers the face (niqaab).
Abu Dawood Book 33, Hadith # 4154, Agreed upon by Nasai
Aisha(Radhiallaahu Ánha) narrates that on one occasion a female Muslim wanted to give a letter to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam), the letter was delivered to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) from behind a curtain.
Note: Quoted in the famous book Mishkaat. Here the Mufasereen of hadith have explained that the hadith where women came up to Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) face to face were before the ayah "And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts." (Surah Al¬Ahzâb ayah # 53) And this hadith proves this order is for the whole Ummah not just for the wives of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)!
Abu Dawood Book 2, Hadith # 0641
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin (Radhiallaahu Ánha) "Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said "Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil."
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 9, Book 89, Hadith # 293
Narrated 'Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) Utba bin Abi Waqqas said to his brother Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas, "The son of the slave girl of Zam'a is from me, so take him into your custody." So in the year of Conquest of Mecca, Sa'd took him and said. (This is) my brother's son whom my brother has asked me to take into my custody." 'Abd bin Zam'a got up before him and said, (He is) my brother and the son of the slave girl of my father, and was born on my father's bed." So they both submitted their case before Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam). Sa'd said, "O Allah's Apostle! This boy is the son of my brother and he entrusted him to me." 'Abd bin Zam'a said, "This boy is my brother and the son of the slave girl of my father, and was born on the bed of my father." Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, "The boy is for you, O 'Abd bin Zam'a!" Then Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) further said, "The child is for the owner of the bed, and the stone is for the adulterer," Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) then said to Sauda bint Zam'a, "Veil (screen) yourself before him," when he saw the child's resemblance to 'Utba. The boy did not see her again till he met Allah. note: This hadith proves Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) did infact order the veil to be observed.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 65, Hadith # 375
Narrated Anas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) I know (about) the Hijab (the order of veiling of women) more than anybody else. Ubai bin Ka'b used to ask me about it. Allah's Apostle became the bridegroom of Zainab bint Jahsh whom he married at Medina. After the sun had risen high in the sky, the Prophet invited the people to a meal. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) remained sitting and some people remained sitting with him after the other guests had left. Then Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) got up and went away, and I too, followed him till he reached the door of 'Aisha's room. Then he thought that the people must have left the place by then, so he returned and I also returned with him. Behold, the people were still sitting at their places. So he went back again for the second time, and I went along with him too. When we reached the door of 'Aisha's room, he returned and I also returned with him to see that the people had left. Thereupon Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) hung a curtain between me and him and the Verse regarding the order for (veiling of women) Hijab was revealed.
Abu Dawood Book 32, hadith # 4100
Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin (Radhiallaahu Ánha): I was with Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) while Maymunah was with him. Then Ibn Umm Maktum came. This happened when we were ordered to observe veil. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: Observe veil from him. We asked: oh Rasulullah! is he not blind? He can neither see us nor recognize us. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: Are both of you blind? Do you not see him?

The opinions of the great scholars about the Niqaab...

From the Sahaba (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma) .......
Ibn Ábbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu), who was one of the most knowledgeable companions of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam), Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) even made duwaa for him saying "O Allah, make him acquire a deep understanding of the religion of Islam and instruct him in the meaning and interpretation of things."
Ibn Jarir (Rahimahullah) with an authentic chain of narrators has quoted Ibn Abbaas' (Radhiallaahu Án) opinion was "that the Muslim women are ordered to cover their head and faces with outer garments except for one eye." (This is quoted in the Ma'riful Qur'an in the tafseer of Surah Ahzaab ayah # 33, with reference of Ibn Jarir with a sahih chain of narrators). The Tabiee Ali Bin Abu Talha explained that this was the last opinion of Ibn Abbas and the other opinions quoted from him were from before Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59 and the order of the "Jalabib". Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin commented on this saying of Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) by saying "This statement is "Marfoo" and in shariah that is the same category as a hadith which is narrated directly from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam). The quote of Ibn Abbas is quoted by many tabi'een like Ali Ibn Abu Talha and Ibn Jarir in Ma'riful Quran by Mufti Muhammad Shafi vol.7 pg.217 and also in Tafseer Ibn Jarir, Vol. 22, pg.29 and also by Imaam Qurtabi all with SAHIH Chains and explained in the book "Hijaab" by Ibn Uthaimin, Page # 9 and authenticated in the book "Hijaab wa Safur"by Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) on page #11 and by Shaikh AbdulAziz bin Bazz (Rahimahullah) on page # 55 and 60 )
Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) Who was known as the most knowledgeable Sahabi in matters of Shariah. He became Muslim when he was a young kid and ever since that he stayed with Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) and gained the understanding of Quran from him. Umar Ibn Khattab (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said about him "By Allah, I don't know of any person who is more qualified in the matters dealing with the Quran than Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud"
Explained, the word Jilbaab (as mentioned in the Quran Surah Ahzaab ayah # 59 ) means a cloak which covering the entire body including the head, face and hands. (Quoted from Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) in his book on fatwaas Page# 110 Vol # 2 and By Shaikh Ibn Uthamin in the book Hijaab Page # 15)
Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha)
Stated that in verse 30 and 31 of Surah An Nur "What has been allowed to be shown is the hands, bangles and rings but the face must be covered.
(Quoted by Shaikh Abdul A'la Maududi in the book Purdah P# 195 and in his Tafseer of Quran under the tafseer of Surah An Nur)
Abu Ubaidah Salmani (Radhiallaahu Ánhu), an other well known Sahabi is quoted saying "Jilbaab should fully cover the women's body, so that nothing appears but one eye with which she can see." (Tafseer Al-Qurtubi) And In the time of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) "The women used to don their cloaks (Jilbaabs) over their heads in such a manner that only the eyes were revealed in order to see the road." (The Book "Hijaab" page # 9)
Ubaida bin Abu Sufyan bin al-Harith('Radhiallaahu Ánhu' An' Other well known and knowledgeable Companion of Rasulullah ) Imam Muhammad bin Sirin (Rahimahullah) One of the most knowledgeable tabi'een) said "When I asked Ubaida bin Sufyan bin al-Harith ('Radhiallaahu An') how the jalbaab was to be worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling a sheet of cloth over his head to cover his entire body, leaving the left eye uncovered. This was also the explanation of the word 'Alaihinna in this verse" (Commentary by Ibn Jarir and Ahkam-ul-Quran, Vol.3, p.457 also in "hijaab wa Safur" quoted by Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz under the chapter of his fatwaa on hijab on page #54)
From the Tabi 'een..

Hassan Al Basri (Rahimahullah)
States in his tafseer of the Surah An-Nur, "What a woman is allowed to show in this Ayah implies to those outer garments (not the face or hands) which the woman puts on to cover her internal decoration (her beauty).
(Quoted in the book "Purdah" P#194 )
Ibn Jarir (Rahimahullah) Quotes the opinion of Ibn Ábbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu)
"Allah has enjoined upon all Muslim Women that when they go out of their homes under necessity, they should cover their faces by drawing a part of their outer garments over their heads." (Tafseer Ibn Jarir, VOL 22, pg.29)
The Tabi'ee, Qatadah (Rahimahullah)
Stated that the Jilbab should be wrapped and fixed from above the forehead and made to cover the nose, (although the eyes are to show) and the chest and most of the face are to be covered.
The Tabi'ee Ali bin Abu Talha (Rahimahullah)
Quotes from Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) that he used to say it was allowed to show the hands and face when Surah Nur ayah #31 was revealed but after Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59 with the word "Jalabib" was revealed then after this Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said that That the Muslim women are ordered to cover their head and faces with outer garments except for one eye." And this was also the opinion of Ibn Mas'ud (Radhiallaahu Ánhu). (This is quoted by Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) in his book of fatwaa and by Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (Rahimahullah) in the book "Hijaab wa Safur" Page # 60)
Imam Muhammad bin Sirin (Rahimahullah) One of the most knowledgeable tabi'een)
"When I asked Ubaida bin Sufyan bin al-Harith ('Radhiallaahu Ánhu' Other well known and knowledgeable Companion of Rasulullah) the meaning of this verse about "Alaihinna" and how the jalbaab was to be worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling a sheet of cloth over his head to cover his entire body, leaving the left eye uncovered. This was also the explanation of the word 'Alaihinna in this verse"(Commentary by Ibn Jarir and Ahkam-ul-Quran, Vol # 3, p.457 also in "hijaab wa Sufor" quoted by Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz under the chapter of his fatwaa on hijab on page #54)
From the Mufasireen of Quraan...
The Mufassir, Imaam Al-Qurtubi (Rahimahullah),
Cites in his Tafseer of the Ayah on Jilbaab (Al-Ahzab 33:59), that the Jilbaab is: "a cloth which covers the entire body... Ibn 'Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) and 'Ubaidah As-Salmaani (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said that it is to be fully wrapped around the women's body, so that nothing appears but one eye with which she can see." (Tafseer Al-Qurtubi Surah Al-Ahzab ayah # 59. This was also agreed upon by Imam WahidiImam Neishapuri in the book of tafseer of Quran "Gharaib -ul-Quran" and "Ahkam-ul-Quran", Imam Razi, in his tafseer of Surah Azhab in the book "Tafsir-i-Kabir" Imam Baidavi in his tafseer of Quran "Tafsir-i-Baidavi" and by Abu Hayyan in "Al-Bahr-ul-Muhit" and by Ibn Sa'd Muhammad bin Ka'b Kuradhi and they have all descirbed the use of jalbaab more or less in the SAME way as the two described by Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu).)
Also from Imaam Qurtubi (Rahimahullah)
in his Al-Jamia li Ahkaamul Qurãn states: "All women are in effect covered by the terms of the verse which embraces the Sharée principle that the whole of a woman is ‘Áwrah’ (to be concealed) – her face, body and voice, as mentioned previously. It is not permissible to expose those parts except in the case of need, such as the giving of evidence…" ("Al-Jamia li Ahkaamul Qurãn")
At-Tabari and Ibn Al-Mundhir
described the method of wearing the jalbaab according to Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) and Qatadah (Radhiallaahu Ánhu). The sheet should be wrapped around from the top, covering the forehead, then bringing one side of the sheet to cover the face below the eyes so that most of the face and the upper body is covered. This will leave both eyes uncovered (which is allowed in necessity).(Rul-ul-Ma'ani, Vol 22, p.89)
Ibn Kathir (Rahimahullah) said...
"Women must not display any part of their beauty and charms to strangers except what cannot possibly be concealed." (Quoted by Mufti Ibrahim Desi in his article on hijaab)
Maoulana Abul A'la Maududi (Rahimahullah) In his tafseer of Surah Azhab ayah #59
"In verse 59 the third step for social reform was taken. All the Muslim women were commanded that they should come out well covered with the outer garments and covering their faces whenever they came out of their houses for a genuine need." (From Tasfeer of Quran by Maoulana Abul A'la Maududi in tafseer of ayah # 59 of Surah Al-Ahzaab)
From the 4 Madhabib (4 madhabs).......

Mufti Anwar Ali Adam Al Mazahiri (Mufti A'azam (Head Mufti) of Madrasa Madinatil Uloom Trinidad & Tobago.)
"Imam Shafi, Malik and Hanbal hold the view that niqaab (covering the face and the hands completely with only a small area for the eyes to see) as
being compulsory (fard). Imam Abu Hanifa says that niqaab is Wajib and the face and hands can be exposed provided that there is not fear of desire if one looks at the female face, otherwise if there is the slightest chance of desire developing in the looker (the meaning of desire is that the looker would see the female face and think that she is beautiful, sexual thaught is not what is meant) then exposing the face and hands is Haraam.
(This is from the fatwaa issued by Mufti Anwar Ali Adam Al Mazahiri on 13/9/99. He derived the opnions of the 4 Imaams from these sources Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Tafseer Ma'rifatul Qur'aan, Durre Muhtaar, Fatawa Shami, Al Mabsoot, Fathul Qadeer. And the opinion of Imaam Abu hanifah is a directly derived from his statements in the Famous book of hanafi Fiqh Fatwaa Shami)
Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (One of the greatest scholars of our times. He passed away 26th of Muharram 1420 Hijrah. (12th of May 1999) Rahimahullah. He belonged to the Hanbali School of jurisprudence.)"It is compulsory for a woman to cover her face in front of non mahram men"(This has been quoted in Shaikh Bin Bazz's pamphlet on Hijab and in the book 'Islamic Fatwas regarding Women' and in the Arabic version of the book "hijaab Wa Safur" page #51)
Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)
Relates that the correct opinion for the Hanbali and Malki madhaib is that is is wajib to cover everything except one or two eyes to see the way.
(from the Arabic book "Hijaab wa Safur" under the fatwaa of Ibn Taymiyyah on hijaab, page # 10)
Shaikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Quotes All of the woman is awrah based on the hadith of "Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said “All of a woman is ‘awrah.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi with a sahih isnaad).This is the correct view according to the madhhab of the Hanbalis, one of the two views of the Maalikis and one of the two views of the Shaafa’is. (Quoted in his book of fatwaa and on his web site)
Jamiatul Ulama Junbi Africa sated that the proper opinion for the Hanafi madhab is that "A woman must be properly and thoroughly covered in a loose outer cloak which totally conceals her entire body including her face!"
(This from the book Islamic Hijab by Jamiatul Ulama P.12)
Mufti-e-Azam Rasheed Ahmad Ludhyanvi (Rahimahullah, one of the head Muftis of the hanafi Madhab of his time This opinion is taken to be the correct opinion of the hanafi madhab today)
Explained in his tafseer of Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59. "Allah Ta'ala is telling them that whenever out of necessity they have togo out, they should cover themselves with a large cloak and draw a corner of it over their faces so that they may not be recognised.
(From his article "A Detailed, analytical review on the Shar'ee hijab")
From the known and respect authentic Ullima.......

Ibn Al-Hazam (Rahimahullah)
"In arabic language, the language of the Prophet (saw), the word jilbaab (as mentioned in the Quran Surah Ahzaab ayah # 59) means the outer sheet which covers the entire body. A sheet smaller than that which would cover the entire body, cannot be catagrized as jilbaab. (Al-Muhallah, Vol 3. Pg 217)
Ibn Al-Mandhur (Rahimahullah)
"Jalabib is plural for Jilbaab. Jalbaab is actually the outer sheet/coverlet which a woman wraps around, on top of her garments to cover herself from head to toe. This covers the body entirely." (Lisan ul-Arab, VOL 1. Pg.273)
Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalanee (Rahimahullah)
A tradition reported on the authority of Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) says: "A woman in a state of Ihram (during Hajj and Umrah) should stretch her head cloth over to her face to hide it." (In Fathul Bari, chapter on Hajj)
Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) relates:
"Women used to room about without Cloaks (Jilbaabs) and men used to see their faces and hands, but when the verse stating 'O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks over themselves.' (Surah Al-Ahzaab,Verse #59)was reveled, then this was prohibited and women were ordered to wear the Jilbaab. Then Ibn Tayimiyyah goes on to say "The word Jilbaab means a sheet which Ibn Mas'ud (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) explained as a cloak covering the entire body including the head, face and hands. Therefore, it is not permissible for the women to reveal the face and hands in public. (Ibn Taymiyyah's book on fatwaas Page# 110 Vol # 2 also in the book Hijaab Page # 15)
Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (Rahimahullah)
"According to the understanding of the best generations (the "Salaf") after the ayah of hijaab was revealed than Muslims women must cover everything including the face and hands. they can show one eye or two eyes to see the way. this was the opnion held by many of the sahaba like Ibn Abbaas, Ibn Masud, Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma) and others and this opnion was upheald by the Tab'ieen who followed than as Ali bin Abi Talha and Muhammad bin Sirin (Rahimahullah) and by the ritious ullima who followed them as Ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah)" (Quoted from the book "hijaab wa Sufor")
Shaikh Abubakar Jassas (Rahimahullah)
states "This verse of Surah Ahzab shows that the young women when going out of their homes are ordered to cover their faces from strangers (non-mahram men), and cover herself up in such a manner that may express modesty and chastity, so that people with evil intentions might not cherish hopes from her". (Ahkum Al-Quran, VOL. III, p.48)
Imaam Ghazaali (Rahimahullah) "Woman emerged (during the time of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) with NIQAABS on their Faces" (From his famous book of Fiqh "Ihyaal Uloom")
Qazi Al-Baidavi (Rahimahullah)
"to let down over them a part of their outer garments" means that they should draw a part of their outer garment in front of their face and cover themselves" (Tafsir-I-Baidavi, Vol 4, p.168)
Jamia Binoria Pakistan (This is a Question and Answer from a Mufti at one the highly respected hanafi Islamic Universites of Pakistan)
Ques: Under which conditions are women allowed to leave the home?
Ans: The principle command for women is that they should remain in their home and should not go out without any extreme need because mischief is feared in their going out. However if they have to go out in extreme necessity then they should go with a Mahram and duly covered in Burqa' (a "Burqa" covers the whole body including the hands and face) or large overlay so that their body including their cloths should not be visible and after buying the required article they should come back at once. In this condition there is no Haraam.
It is also stated in the Famous books of Fiqh Durrul Mukhtar...
"Young women are prohibited from revealing their faces in the presence of men."
Hakimul Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Rahimahullah) states in his famous book of Hanafi Fiqh "Bahishti Zewar."
"It is not permissible for a young woman to expose her face in the presence of ghayr mahrams, nor should she stand in a place where she could be observed. We learn from this, that the custom of exposing the bride's face in public where all the men can observe her is also not permissible. To do so is a major sin." (Bahishti Zewar)
Shaikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid (One of the great scholars of out time.
click here for the full fatwaa on covering the face and who can you uncover the face infront of-->Fatwaa on niqaab
"The most correct opinion, which is supported by evidence, is that it is obligatory to cover the face, therefore young women are forbidden to uncover their faces in front of non-mahram men in order to avoid any mischief"
An other fatwaa when he was asked about is it preferred for sisters to wear the niqab, he said....
"The fact is that it is obligatory for women to cover their faces" as to how to wear the niqaab the Shaikh said "A woman may uncover her left eye in order to see where she is going, and if necessary she may uncover both eyes. The opening should only be wide enough for the eyes."
Yet in an other Fatwaa he explained what was the Awrah of a woman with..."Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said “All of a woman is ‘awrah.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi with a saheeh isnaad).This is the correct view according to the madhhab of the Hanbalis, one of the two views of the Maalikis and one of the two views of the Shaafa’is.

Shaikh ibn Uthaimin

Question: What is the Islamic hijab?
Response: The Islamic hijab is for the women to cover everything that is forbidden for her to expose. That is, she covers everything that she must cover. The first of those bodily parts that she must cover is her face. It is the source of temptation and the source of people desiring her. Therefore, the woman must cover her face in front of those men that are not mahram. As for those of who claim that the Islamic hijab is to cover the head, shoulders, back, feet, shin and forearms while allowing her to uncover her face and hands, this is a very amazing claim. This is because it is well known that the source of temptation and looking is the face. How can one say that the Shariah does not allow the exposure of the foot of the woman while it allows her to uncover her face? It is not possible that there could be in the Esteemed, Wise and Noble Shariah a contradiction.( 'Islamic Fatwas regarding Women' Page # 289)
Shaikh Jamaal Zarabozo
In Surah Al-Ahzab, verse 59, Allah has ordered the believing women to wear a jilbab. A jilbab as defined in all the books of tafseer is a cloak that covers the woman's body from the top of her head to her feet. It is also described in those books, form the scholars of the earliest generation that after that verse was revealed, the women would completely cover themselves, leaving, for example, just one eye exposed so they can see the road. Hence, this is the outer garment of the woman that she must wear when she is in front of men she is not related to.
Shaikh Ibn Jibreen

Question: I am married to a woman who wears, praise to Allah, hijab. However, as is the custom in my country, she does not wear hijab in front of her sister's husband and her sister does not wear hijab in my presence. This is the custom. Furthermore, my wife does not wear hijab in the presence of my brother or her cousins. Does this go against the Shariah and religion? What can I do while it has become the custom in my country not to wear hijab in the presence of those people that I mentioned. If I tell my wife to wear hijab in front of those people, she will accuse me of not trusting her and being suspicious about her and so forth.
Response: All of those groups of men that you mentioned in the question are not mahram for her. It is not allowed for her to uncover her face and beauty in front of them. Allah has only allowed her to uncover in front of the mahram men mentioned in the verse in surah al-Nur,
"[Tell the believing women] not to reveal their adornments except to their husbands, their fathers ......" (al-Nur 31).
First, you should convince your wife that it is forbidden to uncover her face in front of non-mahram men. Make her abide by that even if it goes against the customs of your people and even if she makes accusations against you. You should also make this point clear to your close relatives that you mentioned, that is, the brethren of the husband, the husband of the sister, the cousins and so forth. All of them are non-mahram and they all may marry her if she gets divorced. ("Islamic Fatwas regarding Women")
Shaikh Abul A'la Maududi (Who was the founder of "Jamat-ul-Islami" also a known and respect scholar of the Hanafi madhab) “A person who considers carefully the wordings of the Quranic verses, their well-known and genreally accepted meaning and the practice during the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) cannot dare deny the fact that the islamic Shari'ah enjoins on the woman to hide her face from the other people and this has been the practice of the Muslim women ever since the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) himself” (In the book "Purda" by Shaikh Abul A'la Maududi P# 199 )

Refutations from Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin
This is taken from the book "Hijaab" by Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin from Saudi Arabia. Printed by Madrasah Arabia Islamia Azaadville-South Africa.
Translated by Hafedh Zaheer Essack, Rajab 1416 (December 1995)
The Ullima who are of the opinion that it is permissible to look at the face and hands of a strange woman (who is not mahrrum) say so mainly for the following reasons.
The hadith of Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) when Asmaa (Radhiallaahu Ánha) the daughter of Abu Bakr came to the Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) while wearing thin clothing. He approached her and said: 'O Asmaa! When a girl reaches the menstrual age, it is not proper that anything should remain exposed except this and this. He pointed to the face and hands. But this hadith is WEAK because of 2 main weaknesses.
1. There is no link between Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) and Khalid bin Dareek, who narrated the hadith from her. And in every chain of narrators Khalid bin Dareek is mentioned.
2. In the chain os narrators Sa'eed bin Basheer appears, who is known by most of the Muhaditheen as being a weak narrator. This has been mentioned by Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah), An-Nasai (Rahimahullah), Ibn Madeeni (Rahimahullah) and Ibn Ma'een (Rahimahullah). This is also why Imaam Bukhari (Rahimahullah) and Muslim (Rahimahullah) did not except this hadith to be in their books.
(From Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in the book "Hijaab" pages # 17 and 18.)
We also have to see that the Muhadith Abu Dawood when he quoted this hadith put with it that it is Musal (with a broken chain that does not lead up to the Sahaba).
(From The Book "Hijaab wa Safur" under tha fatwaa of Shaikh AbulAziz Bin Bazz on Page #61. Also stated as being weak by Shaikh Nasirudden Al-Albaani in his Daeef Sunan Abu Dawud in Kitab-ul-Libas under hadeeth number 4092 (which is the original hadeeth number.) It has also been mentioned in the magazine called "Al Hijrah" that Ullima agree this hadith is weak.)
An other thing that shows the weakness of this hadith is that after the ayah for hijab (Surah Al-Ahzaab – Verse #59) was revealed then the women of Sahaba wore a complete veil and covered the faces and hands. This includes Asmaa (Radhiallaahu Ánha) the daughter of Abu Bakr, who is supposed to have narrated this hadith. Asmaa (Radhiallaahu Ánha)covered herself completly including tha face, this has been narrated in authentic hadith in Imaam maliks "MUWATTA Book 20 Hadith # 20.5.16."

Arabic words explained by Sahaba and Ullima....

Shaikh Ibn Al Hazam (Rahimahullah) writes: "In the Arabic language of the Prophet, Jalbab is the outer sheet which covers the entire body. A piece of cloth which is too small to cover the entire body could not be called Jalbab." (Al Muhalla, vol. 3, p.217.)
The Tabi'ee, Qatadah (Rahimahullah), stated that the Jilbab should be wrapped and fixed from above the forehead and made to cover the nose, (although the eyes are to show) and the chest and most of the face are to be covered.
Jalabib, which is used in the verse is the plural of Jalbab. "Jalbab, is actually the outer sheet or coverlet which a woman wraps around on top of her garments to cover herself from head to toe. It hides her body completely." Lisan ul Arab vol 1 p. 273. (The best explanation is that it is what we would today call a burqa or an abiya.)
Ibn Masood (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) explained Jilbab to be a cloak covering the entire body including the face and hands. (fatwaa Ibn Taymiyyah Page #110 Vol. #2)
What is Hijab really mean?
"The root word of hijab is hajaba and that means: (hajb) to veil, cover, screen, shelter, seclude (from), to hide, obscure (from sight), to make imperceptible, invisible, to conceal, to make or form a separation (a woman), to disguise, masked, to conceal, hide, to flee from sight, veil, to veil, conceal, to cover up, become hidden, to be obscured, to vanish, to become invisible, disappear from sight, to veil, to conceal, to withdraw, to elude perception.
Hajb: seclusion, screening off, keeping away, keeping off,
Hijab plural: hujub: cover, wrap, drape, a curtain, a woman's veil, screen, partition, folding screen, barrier,
Ihtijab: Concealment, hiddenness, seclusion, veildness, veiling, purdah.
Hijab: Concealing, screening, protecting,
Mahjub: concealed hidden, veiled!
These definitions of the hijab were taken from the: Arabic-English Dictionary, The Hans Wehr dictionary of modern written arabic, edited by JM Cowan.

Just to make it clear the point of this page is NOT to say if a woman doesn't wear niqaab she will go to Jahunum, as we know there are two valid view points on the hijab. One view held by the Ullima is that the niqaab (covering the face) is wajib (compulsory) and other Ullima hold the view it is Mustahab (recommended and the best thing to do but not compulsory). This page is to explain to those people who say things like "The niqaab is not in islam or is not important" or is "bad for dawa" these people should understand that the Niqaab is from the Quraan and Hadith and even if you hold the view of it not being wajib it is still THE BEST thing and recommended and anyone who wears it is to be respected. And is anyone discourages the wearing of Niqaab or denies it being in Islam or makes fun of someone who wears it they should fear ALLAH and take their shahadah over.
And ALLAH (swt) knows best.

new post coming

Asalam Alaikum everyone,

Alhamdulillah there have been numerous comments on my last post, and it seems that there is some curiosity about my thoughts on niqab. So, this will be my next entry. Insha'Allah I will post it within the next day or so. I had hoped to do so already, but I was caught up with the Journey of Faith conference in Toronto last weekend, and have been trying get reorganized since then. Jazakallah Khair for the patience, and for continuing to read. I pray this site is of some sort of benefit and that Allah keeps my intention for His sake alone.
Asalam Alalikum

Sunday, May 31, 2009

Islamic "Dating??"

Far too often I hear instances about Muslims who have a "boyfriend/girlfriend" or are "dating" other Muslims (or in some instances non-Muslims). Insha'Allah I pray that Allah protects our ummah from such instances and leads us all to the straight path. 
Islam preserves marriage and holds it in incredibly high regard, and saves the wife and the husband for one another. One way this is happens is by the protection of the man and woman from one another by being put in such situations that would cause them to sin, fall into zinna, or be alone with Shaytan. The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah's Peace Be Upon Him) said: 

"Whenever a man (non-mahram) is secluded with a woman, the Shaitan(Satan) is the third party” (Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and others"

Unfortunately I know of too many instances where people have put themselves in compromising situations and ended up learning the hard way just what can happen and how devastating the effects can be. Brothers and Sisters in Islam, there is no "dating" in Islam. Please if you want to get married, do it in the appropriate and Islamic way. Seek counsel from others, ask for references about the person, when the time is appropriate to meet be sure it is with mahram there-- If you have no mahram, then ask the Imam to be present. I have taken the below response about dating from and encourage you all to read up about the appropriate way to go about finding a spouse. May Allah protect us all, give us pious partners, and give us jannah al-firdaus. Ameen.

 It is the girl’s right to have sufficient information about the person who wants to marry her. This may be achieved by enquiring about him through various channels, such as asking some of her relatives to ask his friends and those who know him well about him, because they may know a lot about his good and bad points which other people would not know about.

 But it is not permissible for her under any circumstances to be alone with him (khulwah) before marriage, or to take off her hijaab in front of him. It is well known that in such meetings the man does not show his true nature, but rather he is on his best behaviour and tries to make a good impression. Even if she were to be alone with him or to go out with him, he will not show her  his true character. Many of those who go out with a fiancé in this sinful manner end up in tragedy and these sinful steps, whether they were taken in private or in public, do not bring any benefits.

 Often the fiancé will use sweet words and play with the emotions of his fiancée when he goes out with her, and he shows her his best side, but when she makes enquiries about him and tries to find out more about him, she will discover something entirely different. So going out with him or being alone with him does not solve the problem. Even if for the sake of argument we were to say that it does serve some purpose in finding out about the man's character, the resulting sin and possibility of leading to bad consequences is far greater than that (potential benefit). This is why Islam forbids being alone with a strange (non-mahram) man – and the fiancé is still a stranger – or taking off one’s hijaab in front of him.

 We should not forget another important matter, which is that after the marriage ceremony (nikaah) and before the wedding night (when the marriage is celebrated and consummated), the woman has ample opportunity to get to know the man's character up close and to make sure about him, because now it is permissible for her to be alone with him and to go out with him, so long as the marriage contract has been concluded. If she discovers  something bad that she really cannot put up with, then she can ask him for Khul’ (divorce). But usually the outcome is not so bad, so long as one has made enquiries about the person and found out about him in a proper fashion before the nikaah.

 We ask Allaah to choose what is best for you and to make things easy for you wherever you are. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.

Tuesday, May 19, 2009

The Colour of Islam

I recently had a conversation with someone about the importance of telling others we are Muslim. For some women who are covering, or brothers with beards and even thawb (the long garment sometimes brothers wear) it may be obvious upon first glance. However, this isn't always the case, and certainly for  a new convert the thought of proclaiming that you are Muslim to family and friends, and even the greater part of society and seem like an incredibly daunting task. The thought of facing rejection, comments, and even hatred may make it seem that keeping his or her Islam a secret is a better option. 

Alhamdulillah I just finished the first Juz in the Qur'an class that I have been taking (just another plug for it-- Al Huda Taleem al Qur'an, there are part-time and full-time options both online and on-site) and in one of our last lessons we discussed the "colour of Islam" or rather the colour that Allah (subhanna wa tallah) marks us with. 

" Our Sibghah is the Sibghah of Allah and which Sibghah can be better than Allah's? And we are His worshipers."

Now this is a perfect example of how the English translation of the Qur'an really doesn't do the Qur'an any justice and really it is just one more example why all Muslims should be learning the Arabic so they can read the Qur'an as it is meant to be read. In the above verse, Sibghah is not defined, while in some translations it is defined as "Baptism" or even "Religion". In our word analysis class we learned that the root of the word actually means "Colour, dye, or a colour which is adopted on to something" So when it says in the translation that Sibghah means Religion, it takes on the meaning of the 'religion that when we take it on, it literally changes us as taking on another colour would'. That when people are given or adopt the religion of Islam they are cloaked in that which Allah (Subahanna wa tallah) has given them so that they will appear different and reflect it on others. And just like dye, it won't come off-- When we accept Islam completely it won't come off. Islam becomes our identity and we cannot remove ourselves from it. 

So, how does this all connect to telling people about whether or not we are Muslim? In the beauty of the Allah's word choice in our glorious Qur'an, we see that when we become Muslim, it will be reflected on us, that people will naturally see it. That there will be a change. That outward and inward change is the religion, it will be reflected on us, and 

"And which Sibghah can be better than Allah's? " 2:136

Allah (Subhanna wa tallah) has blessed with this amazing religion, the religion of truth and oneness, and it will change our lives. Be confident in that and know that there is no need to fear anything but Allah (Subhanna wa tallah). "On no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear" 2:286. 
We mustn't be shy about Islam, but know that Allah (Subhannah wa tallah) shows us for those who fully adopt the religion, the change will be evident. 

May Allah guide us all to His way, and keep us in Islam. Ameen 

Thursday, April 09, 2009

U of T

I was given the opportunity to speak in a class of U of T Education Students (who are about to become teachers) today. One of my girlfriends is a convert and student in the class and was asked to speak about Islam. I was invited to go as well, in the hopes of answering questions and creating understanding for those teachers if they have Muslim students in their classrooms. 

Between my nerves and the general tone of the class, I don't know whether it was effective or not. Hindsight is 20/20 and I am replaying moments wishing I had added comments or made points that may have been far more beneficial. One thing that I mentioned but I don't know if it was properly heard amidst the many questions  and comments in the session was this-- And this is really crucial... 
It is really impossible to look at Islam through the eyes of a non-Muslim and to be able to understand it as a Muslim understands it. This is because coming from various cultures and backgrounds we have biases and opinions that create filters on how we view certain points. Likewise, me being a Muslim will likely not be able to understand a point about a non-Muslim value system that is opposite of a practise within the religion. (A convert may or may not be the exception to this.) Those in the West worship their freedom, wealth and liberties, while Muslims worship Allah. Allah has outlined the way we should live and as a Muslim it isn't problematic because we strive for adherence to our religion, not for personal gains and accomplishments. While the non-Muslim works towards gaining freedom, idependence... the list could go on and on, the Muslim works towards a mastery of the self which is complete worship of our creator. I just want to highlight this again, as the point of my presentation to the class today was not to come to an agreement.  It was to present the information of the Qur'an and the Hadith (the sayings and actions of Muhammad (May Allah's peace be upon him) with truth and accuracy so whether or not a person accepts or believes them, they will know what their students, and Muslims believe. God willing this was taken from today's presentation and the class did leave with a  specific knowledge about Islam and its practices and not anger that there was disagreement and we didn't all see eye to eye. 

The other thing that I pray for, is that when one of these teachers has a student that comes to them telling them their hijab was ripped off by someone, or that they were called a camel-jockey, or that they cannot do a particular assignment because it is against their religious beliefs, that they will be met with sensitivity, support, and respect. Being different isn't easy, and being different and hated by a lot of society is especially difficult. Be a safe person to those students-- 

I am very greatful for the opportunity I was given to speak in the class today. Any goodness that comes from it is solely from Allah and any error was mine alone.